Любопытная статья о названиях и их аналогах на родном языке.
What do they call French toast in France?
Bread dipped in seasoned beaten egg and milk, and fried on both sides, has been called French toast in English since the 17thcentury – the earliest known mention, from 1660, suggests that they are served ‘steeped in claret, sack, or any wine’ – but what do the French call French toast? If you want to order some in France, ask for pain perdu: it translates as ‘lost bread’, because it is a way to use ‘lost’ or stale bread.
What do they call Turkish delight in Turkey?
Turkish delight is ‘a gelatinous sweet traditionally made of syrup and cornflour, dusted with icing sugar’, and famously makes an appearance in C.S. Lewis’s The Lion, The Witch, and the Wardrobe as the sweet offered to Edmund by the White Witch. In Turkish, however, one of the names by which it is known is lokmaor lokum, derived from the Arabic for ‘morsel’ and ‘mouthful’.
What do they call Swiss army knives in Switzerland?
The term Swiss army knife, for a penknife which incorporates many different tools, was invented in mid-20th-century America, though the practice of the Swiss Army being equipped with them dates back to the 19th century. The original Swiss German name was Offiziersmesser (officer’s knife) or Sackmesser (sack knife); the latter is from Hosensack, the Swiss German for ‘pocket’.
What do they call Brazil nuts in Brazil?
Despite being called Brazil nuts, or just Brazils, this nut is actually more commonly produced in neighbouring Bolivia – where they are known as nuez de Brasil (nuts of Brazil) nonetheless. In Brazil itself, they are called castanhas-do-pará (‘chestnuts from Pará’), Pará being a state in northern Brazil.
What do they call English breakfast in England?
Sometimes the name sticks. You might think that people in the United Kingdom would simply call this ‘breakfast’, but a morning meal of hot cooked food, such as bacon and eggs, is still calledEnglish breakfast or full English breakfast in England.
Оригинал на сайте Oxford Dictionaries.